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library collection

A small collection library for PHP 7.1+

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fusion-php/collection

A small collection library for PHP 7.1+

  • Saturday, May 26, 2018
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The README.md

Fusion.Collection

Scrutinizer Code Quality Code Coverage Build Status, (*1)

This package provides a small collection library useful for aggregating data values in an object. Stored values can be accessed via methods, loops, or as an array., (*2)

Requirements

PHP 7.1 or greater., (*3)

Installation

This package is installed via Composer., (*4)

composer require fusion-php/collection

Usage

The library provides two different types of a collection. A basic object, simply Collection, and a Dictionary. There are two variants of these called TypedCollection and TypedDictionary which are meant for storing instances of specific object types., (*5)

Instantiation

Creating any of the collection objects this library provides can be done via constructor or with the CollectionFactory class. The remainder of this section will assume the usage of the CollectionFactory class to create collection objects. For information about instantiation via constructor please see the Manual Instantiation section below., (*6)

The Collection Class

The Collection object will hold any value that a PHP array can hold, with the exception of null values., (*7)

A Collection can be instantiated empty or with an array of starting elements. In the latter scenario existing keys in the array are ignored., (*8)

<?php

namespace App;

use Fusion\Collection\CollectionFactory;

require '../vendor/autoload.php';

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(); //empty

// ... or ...

$items = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz'];    
$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection($items);

var_dump($collection->count()); //int (3)

As seen above, the count() method returns an integer with the number of items in the collection. The collection utilizes the Countable interface allowing you to obtain the collection size via the PHP count() method as an alternative means., (*9)

$size = count($collection); //same as $size = $collection->count();

To add items to the collection use the add() method passing in the value you wish to store., (*10)

$collection->add(42);

Use the find() method with an existing index to retrieve a value from the collection., (*11)

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);
var_dump($collection->find(1)); //string 'bar'

The collection can have values replaced by calling the replace() method and providing the index of the value to be replaced and the replacement value., (*12)

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);
$collection->replace(1, 'bam'); //Collection is now ['foo', 'bam', 'baz']

To remove items from the collection use the remove() method passing in the value to remove., (*13)

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);
$collection->remove('foo'); //count() == 2

With the remove() method all values identical to the argument given are removed. This means that any duplicates of literal values or objects of the same instance are also removed. To remove a specific value use the removeAt() method passing in the numerical index of the value's location., (*14)

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);
$collection->removeAt(1); //Collection is now [0 => 'foo', 1 => 'baz');

Both the remove() and removeAt() methods will cause the numerical index of the collection to update closing any gaps in the index sequence., (*15)

To empty out a collection simply call the clear() method., (*16)

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);
$collection->clear();
var_dump($collection->count()); //int (0)

Iteration and Direct Access

The Collection instances can make use of ArrayAccess and Iterator. This means that you can use a collection as the subject of a for or foreach., (*17)

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);

for ($i = 0; $i < count($collection); $i++)
{
    //... do something with $collection[$i];
}

// ... or ...

foreach ($collection as $key => $value)
{
    //... do something with $key and/or $value
}

You can also access items and replace items directly via their index if they already exist., (*18)

$collection = CollectionFactory::newCollection(['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);

var_dump($collection[2]); //string 'baz'
$collection[2] = 'qux'; //same as calling $collection->replace(2, 'qux');

Feel free to remove items in this way via an unset() call with a value's index number., (*19)

unset($collection[3]); //same as calling $collection->removeAt(3);

The Dictionary Class

A Dictionary is very similar to a Collection with the main difference being that a Dictionary only accepts index values (called keys from here on) as strings. A Dictionary will hold any value that a PHP array can hold, with the exception of null values., (*20)

A Dictionary can be instantiated empty or with an array of starting elements. In the latter scenario existing keys in the array are not ignored, but they must be strings., (*21)

<?php

namespace App;

use Fusion\Collection\CollectionFactory;

require '../vendor/autoload.php';

$dictionary = CollectionFactory::newDictionary(); //empty

// ... or ...

$items = ['foo' => 'bar', 'baz' => 'bam'];    
$dictionary = CollectionFactory::newDictionary($items);

var_dump($dictionary->count()); //int (2)

As seen above the count() method can be used to gather the number of items in the dictionary and, as with the Collection class, this can also be obtained using the PHP count() method., (*22)

$size = count($dictionary); //same as $size = $dictionary->count();

Items can be added to the dictionary with the add() method specifying the key to store them under., (*23)

$dictionary->add('foo', 'bar');

Items can be replaced at a given key as well., (*24)

$dictionary->replace('foo', 'bam');

The find(), remove(), removeAt(), and clear() methods in the Dictionary class work exactly the same as they do under the Collection class, with the find() and removeAt() methods requiring their parameters to be strings instead of integers., (*25)

Iteration and Direct Access

The Dictionary class also leverages the ArrayAccess and Iterator interfaces allowing looping., (*26)

$dictionary = CollectionFactory::newDictionary(['foo1' => 'bar', 'foo2' => 'bam']);

for ($i = 1; $i <= count($dictionary); $i++)
{
    // ... do something with $dictionary['foo' . $i];
}

// ... or ...

foreach ($dictionary as $key => $value)
{
    // ... do something with $key and/or $value
}

The values in a Dictionary can also be accessed directly via their key offset., (*27)

$dictionary = CollectionFactory::newDictionary(['foo' => 'bar', 'baz' => 'bam']);
var_dump($dictionary['baz']); //string 'bam'

Removing an item directly can be done with unset()., (*28)

unset($dictionary['foo']); // same as calling $dictionary->removeAt('foo');

Values can also be replaced directly at their offset and in addition new items can be added directly at their offset., (*29)

$dictionary['foo'] = 'bar'; 
// same as calling $dictionary->add('foo', 'bar'); or $dictionary->replace('foo', 'bar');

The TypedCollection and TypedDictionary Classes

In certain cases it may be desired to have a collection or dictionary that stores only object references of a specific type. In these cases a TypedCollection or TypedDictionary may be used., (*30)

Both classes are children of the Collection and Dictionary classes, respectively, and can be constructed with an optional set of starter items. However, the only required parameter during instantiation is the fully qualified name of the class or interface that is acceptable., (*31)

<?php

namespace App;

use Fusion\Collection\CollectionFactory;

require '../vendor/autoload.php';

class Apple { /* ... */ }

$apples = CollectionFactory::newTypedCollection(Apple::class);

//Only instances of Apple are allowed
$apples->add(new Apple())
       ->add(new Apple())
       ->add(new Apple());

var_dump(count($apples)); //int (3)

// ... or ...

$setOfApples = [new Apple(), new Apple(), new Apple()];
$apples = CollectionFactory::newTypedCollection(Apple::class, $setOfApples);
var_dump(count($apples)); //int (3)

The TypedDictionary variant is similar, however string keys are required., (*32)

<?php

namespace App;

use Fusion\Collection\CollectionFactory;

require '../vendor/autoload.php';

interface AppleInterface { /* ... */ }

class RedDelicious implements AppleInterface { /* ... */ }
class GrannySmith implements AppleInterface { /* ... */ }
class Gala implements AppleInterface { /* ... */ }

$appleBasket = CollectionFactory::newTypedDictionary(AppleInterface::class);

$appleBasket->add('redDelicious', new RedDelicious())
            ->add('grannySmith', new GrannySmith())
            ->add('gala', new Gala());

As with the standard Collection and Dictionary classes, null values are not allowed., (*33)

Exception Cases

The library defines the exception CollectionException, which is thrown in the following cases:, (*34)

Collection

  • Adding a null value.
  • Replacing an existing value with null.
  • Using find() with an index that is not in the collection.
  • Accessing an index directly that does not exist.
  • Accessing an index that is not an integer.

TypedCollection

  • Same conditions as Collection apply.
  • Adding an instance to the collection (or replacing) that does not match the accepted type.

Dictionary

  • Adding a null value.
  • Replacing an existing value with null.
  • Using find() with a key that is not in the collection.
  • Accessing a key directly that does not exist.
  • Accessing a key that is not a string.

TypedDictionary

  • Same conditions as Dictionary apply.
  • Adding an instance to the dictionary (or replacing) that does not match the accepted type.

Manual Instantiation

Each of the collection objects in this library can be instantiated manually using their constructor versus the CollectionFactory class. The constructor signatures are similar to those found in the factory versions with the exception of an added parameter, an instance of the CollectionValidationInterface, which takes care of integrity checks for collection operations., (*35)

Each of the constructor signatures are as follows:, (*36)

  • Collection::__construct(CollectionValidationInterface $validator, array $items = []);
  • Dictionary::__construct(CollectionValidationInterface $validator, array $items = []);
  • TypedCollection::__construct(CollectionValidationInterface $validator, string $acceptedType, array $items = []);
  • TypedDictionary::__construct(CollectionValidationInterface $validator, string $acceptedType, array $items = []);

The library provides an implementation of the CollectionValidationInterface in the form of the CollectionValidator class. Below is the alternative method of creating collection objects:, (*37)

<?php

namespace App;

use Fusion\Collection\Collection;
use Fusion\Collection\CollectionValidator;

require '../vendor/autoload.php';

$validator = new CollectionValidator();
$collection = new Collection($validator, ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']);

var_dump(count($collection)); //int (3)

The above pattern holds true for the remaining collection objects. Simply create an instance of the CollectionValidationInterface and pass it as the first parameter to the constructor., (*38)

The Versions

26/05 2018

dev-master

9999999-dev https://github.com/FusionPHP/collection

A small collection library for PHP 7.1+

  Sources   Download

MIT

The Requires

  • php >=7.1

 

The Development Requires

by Jason L. Walker

collection

25/05 2018

2.0.0

2.0.0.0 https://github.com/FusionPHP/collection

A small collection library for PHP 7.1+

  Sources   Download

MIT

The Requires

  • php >=7.1

 

The Development Requires

by Jason L. Walker

collection

20/05 2018

1.0.1

1.0.1.0 https://github.com/FusionPHP/collection

A small collection library for PHP 7.1+

  Sources   Download

MIT

The Requires

  • php >=7.1

 

The Development Requires

by Jason L. Walker

collection

11/04 2018

1.0.0

1.0.0.0 https://github.com/FusionPHP/collection

A small collection library for PHP 7.1+

  Sources   Download

MIT

The Requires

  • php >=7.1

 

The Development Requires

by Jason L. Walker

collection